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Concurrent resolution adopted by the House of Representatives May 27, , 1890, a _ Senate, June 17, 1890. "

tony! Se eealned by the House of Ee esentatives (the Senate concurring), That there be pr og of the Report of the Smithsonian Institution and National Museum for t

ending June 30, 1888, and June 30, 1889, in two octavo volumes for each yeal i —) copies; of which 3,000 copies Bik be for the use of the pen 6, 000 fo





Theannual report of the Board of Regents of that Institution to the end of June, 1888.

SMITHSONSAN INSTITUTION, Washington, D. C., July 1, 1888. To the Congress of the United States:

In accordance with section 5593 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, I have the honor, in behalf of the Board of Regents, to submit to Congress the annual report of the operations, expenditures, anc con- dition of the Smithsonian Institution for the year ending June 30, 1888.

I have the honor to be, very respectfuily, your obedient servant,

S. P. LANGLEY, Seeretary of Smithsonian Institution. Hon. JOHN. J. INGALLS, President of the Senate, pro tem. Hon. JOHN G. CARLISLE, Speaker of the House of Representatives. rit



1. Proceedings of the Board of Regents for the sessions of January and March, 1888.

2. Report of the Executive Committee, exhibiting the financial affairs of the Institution, including a statement of the Smithson fund, and re- ceipts and expenditures for the year 1887-88. .

3. Annual report of the Secretary, giving an account of the operations and condition of the Institution for the year 1887-88, with statistics of exchanges, ete.

4. General appendix, comprising a selection of miscellaneous memoirs of interest to collaborators and correspondents of the Institution, teachers, and others engaged in the promotion of knowledge.

The report of the National Museum for the year 1887—88 will be pub- lished in a separate volume.



Page. Resolution of Congress to print extra copies ob the Re ponts-e-asseee sees If Letter from the Secretary, submitting the Annual Report of the Regents to SUE PERE Se EE Ceci aac Sane CAT RS ee Or RO ries A ge enen a SA ntreee 111 Genunilsunjecus ot the Annual Reportc sees = = as oo ees eas eae eee eee IV WonrentstottheehepOntics sac cece scse Se ee Set eins Sess ce ieee eee ete eee oi Vv Te DLO tel LUN ial ON Stet a seticlic wel \arorc wis. oe slo Woe eee = ee ee en VIII Menibersien ojiciorot tne stablighmentG —. 22-9 ss ses os ea eee ao aoe eee eerie IX HersnisOtHe: SMIbHSOniaD LOstitMbion »-s./). 6s Skates ans eele os = ve absense sccm x JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS ..-..-.-.--..--. XI Siatedemechine.Januaryoll, L888. 2... 2 ens 2) Sas 2 eo oem neo XI SpeclalomeatingweManchi215 1880 ao... Seca seo vo stench oe wear =, sas eee pera XVII REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE for the year ending June 30, 1888... =XxXI Condiionrof the tund! Joly, llees i senete eee ae cee eee ee ase eae XXI VECOID LS LORGGNO MVEA -ayoct ote scr cherie Has cise MENee eile Senet isan eects SEKI MX PENAdLhUreS HOLME CAL seam e's ote ee Oo oe eee aie sole rae aye eer XXI Sales and sre-payMOnts a. leas 5c So.e cio cise Baca eens See eine serene XXII Appropriation for international exchanges -..-........-----------.------ XXII Metal stotexpend hares) Of Same ies. sesh as-cast = ae se Aaa see XXIII Appropriation for North American Ethnology. .........--...---- -.------ XXIII Wetaisyolexpenditurestor Sam Cvs a-\s eee mas ccc cs niielso some in ise sees XXIV Appropriation for Smithsonian Buiiding repairs ......-.---.-.-----.----- KXV MetailsofexpendiiMuces OL SAMO = cess es Le ae eps eters auc aeietecls =e O04 Appropriations for the National Museum. :-- <2. 22-22-26 42ce jensen cs XXV Detallsoteexpenaibures Of: SAMO. -oa5- 22 ~ - ciceis esol settee ease Sele XXVI CONSLARSUMUN Ame ste. sma s ol maces Sse <n osha ere tema aa eS mice aes xekex Income available for ensuing year.-.--.-- SS Seo SR 2.2.8

ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS OF CONGRESS relative ie tie, Smithsonian instanton, Nationalewiuseum ele. nonweso, Loo, and 1888 -—-- =o) coceisacsicee joe -1= eo ROOK LEE


ER SMELLS ONLANTOINS DELU LEO Nooo cieppeiosisisae alanine Cee ne = siecee eee a 1

. imEMOCUCTOr yz Tema brea 5, sasey aia me aele aliases eit inn seeteemiee cia (las verse © 1 4 Unusual. bereavement by deaths=. ..--o.stscc = occoee ce esisaee ose nn i Position and! character of the Institution ------..--2-... 2.22... ---. 2 Its property relation to the National Museum..-.....---.-..---- yh Ee 3

Appointment of Dr. Goode, Assistant Secretary, as Fish Commissioner =

Appointed by the Chancellor, Acting Secretary......---..--.-.----- 4

PEROs RO ALOlm NO CONiShaeees cece =e aaceak Sone seibic seme oe eyecare Nace = et ceca. 4 Metin =a OMUlerBOALOsate an .semcerse cers ase calc aie eee coefte me ceuicee a mo ate 4

PAT Goa ME GRO: BS ORTOm.nan men chiecienaa esos 2eU> « Salantecemvs ceuceu «ses. 4


FinanCeS ccc cacdce cuss cds sane sacnne sn eeee 68555455 0555 babe cobs Odds sds En Oe Gradual depreciation of income.....--- Bs iee eae Ges e Sees e eaeemee cna Just claims on the Government .....---- eee ctclalaiey= tem aeisiatsiniemieialee sisieieiais Present total endowment..---..--.----.----- -----+----- Saeeies sreseaeaeiee Appropriations under charge of the Institution ....-.----++---+-++--------- Estimates for the next fiscal year...--..--- peer Sysicke ue pee ee eee Correspondence relative to the assignment of Museum appropriations ---- - Proposed transfer of Museum appropriations to the Institution .....------ Appropriation for international exchanges .---- Sreec SS SooneE SACU Cae acbrs Appropriation for preservation of collections, etc.----.---------+----+---- Appropriation for North American Ethnology - ..---- pebe Bicatsinem eee eerie

Mittin a SeeSeRqocoocoSSes ood aEascece.cs5e00 soc aes wigs jaiisceiee seeesemees Necessity for additional Museum accommodations....---.------------ sod Sanitary condition of the Museum Building...--...---.------------------

silis introduced into the Senate for new building --....----- Dann poORS IES Estimated cost of new building, $500,000 -..........-.---- Se tice re erate ae Senate bill for fire-proofing west wing of Institution...--..... Java smesineae Pire-proofing west connecting range, completed..--- eSB Com enO sae sietetcieiete FIXPONSO Ok NAM Oeste see oe tease oeasie le icin see oe Sis iceeiets emiers operators ees

Researches ........- Bee eine a isibewisnesnie were wigawia Seise ince ae ehe see ae ete ee eee Astro-physical observatory suggested........---..- Seinen eh eee eres Philosophical apparatus on hand ....-...--<. -s--.-- ee ees eos oeose Preparation of a work, by Prof. E. D. Cope, on the reptiles and batrachians

QLNorth; AMErCa.-2222casces snes Seige Seen ack eels ese eee

Pisats LOND GLOWS eran o earn te ntot eS elas aden sis Sere Bele stain as eee Cees Investigations in Japan, by Mr. Romyn Hitchcock. .-..---..-.-.-.------ Sc Minteralosical explorations scoa.. .< case e occ. Fe a aee a eee ee eee me Explorations in natural history of the islands of the Gulfof St. Lawrence-

REPEC ALPOTINE Resi in. ac ic a3 Va bates mses Sa Oe ne RO Sere eee OR oh a ClassesioLspublication =.2. ose -ssceeeee seus coe Expense of contributions to the Annual Report

The science record unsatisfactory from delay-.......----.

Act of Congress restricting illustrative matter ...........-- ia paerete Publications of the Museum and Bureau of Ethnology........-.---- Pisiribubion Of publications.2-2 2. ..- sce ee ee oe ee ee Rules and conditions of distribution’ coca 2-.5- 625 oe eee Economy of publication demanded ......-.-- .22--...2---c--e-cscee Proposed restriction of the Miscellaneous Collections.......---- Exchange system of the Institution. .._ 2. ..-22. 2. -scec-eccseecue: Seceioe Need for more expeditious transmission........- Sysnrs'e ainuseefoe ean ateteees Extension of the service for the Government..... pices tere Socnsice - Origin of this service in 1867 .... 2.2. Seencet 2 Ste meee seciece ais Relative cost of thisservice.....2.:.....- See ee Stee ees > Increased appropriations desired .........--..----.ce---- oe Weennats = Causes of delay in foreign receipts.......--... tos bess seen Ree Tabular statement of exchanges for the fiscal Veur js. ecee sesdad --

Estimated cost of fast freight Preparation of new exchange lists of scientific periodicals s=--\2- Experienced bibliographers consulted..............---.----- oeeeee : Additional titles of periodicals furnished Library of the Institution Extent of deposit in the Library of Congress..... Sd SS aSS0oaoRSS

Resignation of former librarian and appointment of new one New regulations for the Library

ee ee ee


b) Mor ior}





Publications—Continued, Library of the Institution—Continued.

Annuai accessions deposited mainly in the Library of Congress-..... 40

Total additions of books during the fiscal year.......--.---.-:--- aos 40

Some of the more imiportant atcessions .---..-:.....--. .2-:---2-:-- 41

MIPIM Mla at 2-aeseek eta es Need aN ee ae eee aeepeae seo SSS e 42 Collections of living animals...-- pide ove ie ALE RCE ae bn, Be omni 42

Bill introduced in Senate for zoological park.........--..------------ 43

Favorable reception of the project by the press of the country -.--. ---- 44

Art and miscellaneous subjects.---.- Fat Sa sce So oe Ee SO ees 45

PANE CONE GhiON Siar = nen ae Seer - ah aceis oe aioe nao) eee er cies 45

Assignment of rooms for scientific work ..-...---.---:-.-.:--+------ = 46 Wanomiechare tum Ql. e eo. 9 a= or sc, neo ee eee eee. e es 47

Ameriean= Historical Associabion._- = .-/. 2-222. <ccicn am 22-222 o2 ee 5 47

Eighth centenary of the University of Bologna. ......--. ives eeatiaesictes 47

Grane ane, SUDSCEIPULONS: <2): = 2 ctst Jee ae sino pws eeeacem see eee == 48

Privilege of the floor of the House of Representatives..--...-.---.---- 43

Ree Ua =e asprin ee ed ol ae ee craks eum sae gem sepa eet st 46

BmMmloves Or be; NSshCOblOMe = oa. = - om. clociqstes aia = = os ieee 48

itTh i SrArES NATIONAL, MIISRUM <2 2.4 0.6 sce ces o5s.h meee Uae ewan sees 49 Genenalec OMSL ORaAllOH Sameer ae oan ralsiniaveeaiaispe pe lstays es (cle Slat ais alee mis) atlelm =)s\ie.o'=iensar=t= 48 nsumercney-ot present building 22. 2626 a2 den sacs ee we ce Relecite Soe Ses isa 50 echeniteo tune, Collect GnSwye. sas ose estar afore eis eaten sisters cise fit 51 Papularstatement of annualimerease: 2.242222 toaleoes wo oi=e> - a= == 52 Accessions received from the Departments of Government .....----.------ 5: Lectures, and meetings in the Museum lecture hall..---.-...---..----- --- 54 Rducxbional workeof the MusemmM os. saeco aja ee ee ee ee ee 05 Bublicationstonh the Museums =22 ocacaccm seer eae seer ere te eee eae ea 56

{ Aadnianons tonne) Musenny habraty oc... 2.2-.<-26s0.l sek ese eee seeeeeoe = 56 Collections made by the Museum during the year --.....-..-------------- 57 Participation in the Minneapolis Exhibition ..........---.---.----------- 58

Act authorizing participation in the Cincinnati Exhibition.----..-------- 59 Objections to the dispersion of Museum collections at frequent exhibitions. 61

PrP SEOn EP MUNOLOGY:.2502- fac c rac Soetscce ss Semeeaecees wee sace Ss ass 62

} IDRAIGL SUT os eee Seear so mceae bec oue dae SSpib ceaecrte Sto poche dnc eeoenoenT 62 4 NOUN TEx LOnAON Ss caae yo ssc oa oe is © ine eee ea iol=o= 62 enoralntie astugies, sa. Scerstec cee et ote aos= <1, a9 aera =! an 64 ; OSE F exes Spare ES sts ea ae ee I) So, sO re, ee 69 : iimenistie researches <- 5. <2... a. 222.2--e<2-- <2 es. See mee Seer a 69 Bibliographies of North American languages in preparation ....------ 71 Ancientirelucs collectedssssate ace eee ea ale a= ta a eee iterate = =i 72 q publications of the, DUrealacss.tcsneee ces Ss Cec aeaeeeas seeeeeme =e 74 é MRE r Meare err cor et fotos ly on elu Bihy du bene ee eee aaa 75 Oinetjusiice: Morrison): Waite, Chancellor.s2-.. --22 2s se5ece soe 2 = =~ - 75 rota Sieh band SCCLOlaly) soe ras eee sce shee coc eee eae ae eye cee soo al 77 Prensa Gray, MePOUs: pain cces seas aoa ninicee ciutlse ane emnamm nie 2-0 as 26 89 Pebeterm@atker, Ox-ROCONt 255... 2554 --is4 Weise s ode teenies oo <nse = 91

me atlanta, Our ytenn ss. i 4.2 Soe ss dee wade, ade eer Sensi = peta 91 METER eC.) 2 ys eden, ors amicie <d Gee aetna - ae Siok aang mein Vin n sino = 92 EPENDIX TO REPORT. OF THE SECRETARY ..-. -- 2-2. .<-00- .-ce-------- += 25>" 95

I. Programme of organization of the Smithsonian Institution .--..----.- 95

Il. Smithsonian publications of the year...--.-.------------ ---- +--+ ---2 99

III. Report of Curator of international exchanges ...--..---------------- 103

IV. Cirenlars respecting periodicals .......----..---..------------------- 117

V. Organization of the Smithsonian Library ..----. .-----.----------+--- 119



I.—RECORD OF SCIENCE FOR 1887 AND 1888 .-.--. -----. -- 22 sees sn 0--- ----

Astronomy, by William C. Winlock ..............---.------ ------------- Geology, by W J McGee ...... ---0-- --2200 cecce- -- 2-22 enone cn cece -=- =e North American Paleontology, by Henry 8. Williams. ..-.....-.-.-------- Petrography, by George P. Merrill ..---..----.---- .----- ---- --20-- ------- Meteorology, by Cleveland Abbe... J... 2-22-22 535 222 oak 2 ose ans Ghonstry, by -P.Ws Clarke ccrccee een oe = pe ee Mineralogy, by Bdward’S: Dana, 22225. eee ona =a eee ee lstyevehye, yada lel Gi Mikel ooh co cpas.cokcno ponbSe soneos SocSeccccsos cose: Anthropelory; by Otis. Mason 22-25 eeee. ae ne ee eee ial

TT: —MiISCRELANEOUS PAPERS) tue) scot c ean thea ete ee ote ger ton en eta aaa oe eros

Chronology of the Human Period, by J. Woodbridge Davis ..---.-.-..---- Were the Osages, Mound builders? by J. F. Snyder ...... ...-.....-.....- The progress of Science as exemplified in the art of Weighing and Meas-

ALA OY Willa nie bar en eSSecicet am ee so eyaatee raion eter io = eee nearer Determination of the mean Density of the Earth by means of a pendulum

prin cipleby- J) Wilsine 2 escncn cc ok et ee ee ee Sy ee eee Amerriques, Amerigho Vespucci, and Ainerica, by Jules Marcou.--.-..---- Progress of Oriental Science in America, during 1888, by Cyrus Adler....-

ERE —BIOGRAPHIGAL}; MEMOIRS * oss Sense eta s ee SE oe es eee ee



Spencer. Baird jbyskobertiRidewayeo-=-ceeeeseee ee eae ee eee eee Memorial meeting of Washington Societies. ..........-. by Garrick;Mallerye3: oii > eee era coe Ooo eee byaWilliamBilayl On See en sae) oS ea eee by -WalliamcH: ‘Dall. =. 3252 eh eee ee eee by: John W--Powells::.22% J.5.528 ee

BswnGray, by James: D: Dana. noses. ccd sees Seems poe ee ee hee

by William G. Farlow List of his writings

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. Article on Meteorology.

1. Curves showing wind currents

Wigs. 2. TsothermG yi < cc'jcis 5 sec eam oases nena ws Sse See ee Mapes ACIRDALIC COLYC: ss acisnec ace seenisceies isneelogd eas ee ee Wg. 4. DOW pOINb CULVE. .2s0ct cee ase ncsccc ccs sehee eee Pig Adiabatic CUIVER,s« 2/4 cake ness ctgacte on oe ars as ee igi. Adiabatic curves . 25-225... sac h-6 coe. sae eee Fig. 7. Adiabatic curves

Sketch Map of part of Central America Cut of Amerigho Vespucci’s signature


INDEX to the volume

Article on the name America.

“simile of letter by Amerigho Vespucci




(January, 1888.)

GROVER CLEVELAND, President of the United States.

JOHN J. INGALLS, President of the United States Senate pro tempore. MORRISON R. WAITE, Chief-Justice of the United States.

THOMAS F. BAYARD, Secretary of State.

CHARLES 8. FAIRCHILD, Secretary of the Treasury.

WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT, Secretary of War.

WILLIAM C. WHITNEY, Secretary of the Navy.

DON M. DICKINSON, Postmaster-General.

AUGUSTUS H. GARLAND, Attorney-General.

BENTON J. HALL, Commissioner of Patents.


(List given on the following page. )

OFFICERS OF THE INSTITUTION. SAMUEL P. LANGLEY, Secretary. Director of the Institution, and of the U. S. National Museum. G. BROWN GOODE, Assistant Secretary

WILLIAM J. RHEES, Chief Clerk.


By the organizing act approved August 10, 1846 (Revised Statutes, Title LXXIII, section 5580), The business of the Institution shall be con- ducted at the city of Washington by a Board of Regents, named the Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, to be composed of the Vice- President, the Chief. Justice of the United States [and the Governor of the District of Columbia], three members of the Senate, and three mem- bers of the House of Representatives, together with six other persons, other than members of Congress, two of whom shall be resident in the city of Washington, and the other four shall be inhabitants of some State, but no two of the same State.”

REGENTS FOR THE YEAR 1888. The Vice-President of the United States: JOHN J. INGALLS (elected President of the Senate February 26, 1887). The Chief-Justice of the United States: MO EGEC ESO Nein WAGED Ey =o er 2 setae Slee e ao eee eras died March 23, 1888. SAMUEL F. MILLER, Acting Chief-Justice, elected Chancellor and President of the Board pro tempore March 27, 1888.

United States Senators: Term expires. JUSTIN S. MORRILL (appointed February 21, 1883)............ Mar. 3, 1391. SHELBY M. CULLOM (appointed March 23, 1885)......--.....- Mar. 3, 1889. RANDALL L. GIBSON (appointed December 19, 1887) ...-..-.-- Mar. 3, 1889.

Members of the House of Representatives:

SAMUEL 8S. COX (appointed January 5, 1888)................--- Dee. 26, 1889.

JOSEPH WHEELER (appointed January 5, 1888) ...:......-.-.- Dec. 26, 1889: WILLIAM W. PHELPS (appointed January 5, 1888) .........-.- Dee. 26, 1889. Citizens of a State:

ASA GRAY, of Massachusetts (first appointed in 1874)... ....died Jan., 30, 1888. HENRY COPPEE, of Pennsylvania (first appointed in 1874)..... Dec. 26, 1891. NOAH PORTER, of Connecticut (first appointed in Weis egos soar Mar. 3, 1890.

JAMES B. ANGELL, of Michigan (appointed January 19, 1837) . Jan. 19, 1893. ANDREW D. WHITE, of New York (appointed February 15, 1888, to succeed Asa Gray, deceastd)~..... 0.2.2. . eee ee ee Feb. 15, 1894. Citizens of Washington: JAMES C. WELLING (appointed May 13, 1884) .........-------- May 13, 1890, MONTGOMERY C. MEIGS (appointed December 26; 1885))< oe = Dec. 26, 1891.

Executive Committee of the Board of Regents.



-_— ~ eee


WASHINGTON, January 11, 1888.

The stated annual meeting of the Board of Regents of the Smithso- nian Institution was held this day at 10:30 o’clock A. mM.

Present: Chief-Justice M. R. WArITE, Chancellor of the Institution, Hon. 8. 8S. Cox, Hon. W. W. PHELPS, Hon. JOSEPH WHEELER, Dr. HENRY CopPEE, Dr. J. B. ANGELL, Dr. J. C. WELLING, General M. C. MEIGS, and the Secretary, Professor LANGLEY.

Excuses for non-attendance were read from Dr. NoAH PORTER and Senator J. S. MoRRILL. The Secretary made a statement that the ab- sence of Dr. ASA GRAY was caused by his severe illness.

The journal of the proceedings of the Board at the meetings on Janu- ary 12 and November 18, 1887, was read and approved.

The Secretary stated that in accordance with the instructions of the Board at the last meeting, he had again consulted with the widow of the late Professor BAIRD, and ascertained that while she desired to defer to the wishes of the Regents, her own preference would be that the interment of the remains of her husband should be strictly private. It was necessary therefore to depart from the arrangements which had been contemplated at the last meeting of the Board, and by the advice of the Executive Committee, a meeting of the Board of Regents was not called as had been anticipated in December, and the stated annual meeting is therefore now held at the regular time, as provided by the regulations of the Board of Regents.

The Chancellor announced the appointment by the President of the Senate, on December 19, 1887, of Hon. Randall L. Gibson, of Louisiana, as a regent of the Smithsonian Institution, vice Senator Maxey, whose term had expired.

The Chancellor also announced the appointment by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, on January 5, 1888, of Hon. S. S. Cox, of New York, as regent, vice Hon. O. R. Singleton, who had not been re-elected to Congress; and on the 10th of January, of Hon. Joseph Wheeler, of Alabama, vice Hon. W. L. Wilson, and the re-appointment of Hon. W. W. Phelps, of New Jersey.

Dr. Welling, chairman of the Executive Committee, presented its an- nual report for the year ending June 30, 1887. Dr. Welling, in presenting the report, called attention to # paragraph on the third page, relative to the appropriation for ‘“ ethnological re- XI


searches,” and he wished it understood—not as a matter of criticism, but in explanation—that the Executive Committee made no examination or inspection of the accounts of the Bureau of Ethnology. These were exclusively under the control—according to the acts of Congress mak- ing the appropriations—“ of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institu- tion.” In this respect a difference existed between the duty of the com- mittee iu regard to these accounts and those of the Museum or of other trusts committed to the Institution, of which careful examination was made of every voucher.

The Seeretary stated that he would be very wiliing to be relieved of this weighty responsibility and would be gratified if it could be assumed by the Regents. He had no desire to assume a personal responsibility in regard to the appropriation referred to, and he hoped that in the future it might be found possible to make the appropriations to the Smithsonian Institution” instead of to the *‘ Secretary.”

Dr. Welling remarked that the Executive Committee does not care to Share this responsibility.

Dr. Coppée said he thought it the duty of the Regents to share in this; and that if the language of the act was doubtful, and if in relation to one trust it was the duty of the Secretary to confer with the Execu- tive Committee, he thought that in others, although the Regents or the Institution were not specially mentioned, he ought to come under the Same arrangement.

General Meigs said that Congress made the distinction referred to by Dr. Welling, and it was not for the Board to advise or dictate to Con- gress,

[This view was assented to by various members of the Board.]

The Secretary having stated that the accounts of the Museum were settled by the Interior Department, and that the estimates for preserva- tion, ete., of the collections were sent by him through the Secretary of the Interior to the Secretary of the Treasury, the Chancellor remarked that he thought that all the accounts of the Institution in regard to any operations committed to it, should be settled directly with the Treasury Department, and not through an intermediate department.

The Secretary said that the Chancellor had anticipated what he was about to say. As the Executive Committee had observed, the relations of the Museum with the Department of the Interior on the one hand and with the Regents on the other, are undoubtedly ambiguous, since the late Secretary of the Interior himself wrote to say that he did not understand them. At present the Secretary of the Institution transmits the estimates for the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Treas- ury, but does not transmit those of the Museum, which are sent through the Secretary of the Interior. It would seem desirable that some ar- ~ rangement should be made by which.in the future all the estimates should be submitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, and all appro- priations for the Museum, as well as for the Bureau of Ethnology, made


to the Smithsonian Institution, and that the sundry civil bill should be changed in the items relating to the Museum and the Bureau of Eth- nology.

The Chancellor expressed the opinion that all the appropriations ought to be disbursed and controlled by the Institution.

After remarks by several of the Regents, on motion of Dr. Welling, the following resolution was adopted :

Resolved, That the Regents recommend to Congress that the form of the sundry civil appropriation bill be so changed in the items relating to the Museum and the Bureau of Ethnology as to provide,

First, That these moneys shall be disbursed under the direction of the Smithsonian Institution.

Second, That the estimates for the appropriations of the Museum in future shall be sent direct to the Secretary of the Treasury by the Smithsonian Institution through its Secretary.

On motion, it was resolved that the report of the Executive Committee be accepted.

The Secretary presented the annual report for the year ending June 30, 1887, which had been printed; but he regretted to say that he had not been able to procure copies from the Public Printer in December, iu accordance with the resolutions of the Board.

The Chancellor suggested that some action ought to be taken by Con- gress to avoid delay in printing the annuai reports of the Institution. He thought provision might be made by law for the printing of the Smithsonian Institution outside of the Government Printing Office, as is done in the case of the printing for the Supreme Court. The attention of the Congressional Regents was especially called to this subject.

The Secretary stated that a large amount of indispensable printing was now done through the Department of the Interior, and some pro- vision ought to be made for this if the connection of the Museum with the Department should cease. He hoped that the Congressional Re- gents would take some action in this matter.

On motion of Mr. Cox, it was resolved that the report of the Secre- tary for the year ending June 30, 1887, be accepted, and that the Sec- retary transmit the same to Congress.

The Chancellor announced that on December 2, 1887, in accordance with the statute, he had appointed Mr. G. Brown Goode to act as Act- ing Secretary in case of the absence or disability of the Secretary.

The Secretary called the attention of the Board to a bill introduced in the Senate by Senator Edmunds on the 12th of December, as follows :

A BILL to provide for paying the widow of the late Spencer F. Baird for the services rendered by him as Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the ‘Lreas- ury de, and he is hereby, directed to pay Mrs. Mary ©. Baird, widow of the late Spencer I’. Baird, the sum of fifty thousand dollars, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, in full compensation


for the services and expenses of the said Spencer F. Baird during his administration of the office of Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, from February twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, to the time of his death in August, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven.

The Secretary also called attention to the fact that Senator Morrill bad introduced a bill in the Senate on the 12th of December, 1837, as


A BILL for the erection of a bronze statue of Spencer F. Baird, late Secretary of the Smithsonian Jnstitution.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Regents of the Smith- sonian Institution be, and are hereby, authorized to contract for a statue in bronze of Spencer F. Baird, late Secretary of the Smithsonian Insti- tution, to be erected upon the grounds in front of the National Museum ; aud for this purpose, and for the entire expense of the foundation and pedestal of the monument, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, or so much of said sum as may be needed, is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

On motion of Mr. Phelps it was resolved that the Executive Commit- tee and the Secretary be authorized to act for the Board of Regents in case of the passage of any act of Congress relative to the erection of a statue of Professor Baird.

The Secretary stated that he had but one more matter to which to call the attention of the Board; it was brief, but of considerable im- portance.

It may be remembered that several years ago the Secretary of the In- stitution, Professor Baird, called the attention of the Regents to a bill utroduced in the House of Representatives as follows, viz:

“Por the erection of a fire-proof building on the south portion of the Smithsonian Reservation for the accommodation of the U. 8. Geological Survey, and for other purposes.

“* Beit enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of two hundred thousand dollars be, and hereby is, appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the erection of a fire-proof building on the south portion of the Smithsonian Reservation for the accommodation of the U.S. Geological Survey, and for other purposes: Provided, That the consent of the Regents of the Smithsonian Institution be first obtained thereto, and that the building be under their direction when completed: And provided further, That the building be erected by the Architect of the Capitol in accordance with plans approved by the Director of the United States Geological Survey, the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and the Architect of the Capitol, acting as a board therefor.

““Atter a very full expression by the Regents in favor of immediate action, on motion of General Sherman, it was

‘‘Kesolved, That the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution recommend to Congress to enlarge the National Museum, so as properly to exhibit the mineral, geological, and other collections already on hand and increasing each year, by the erection of a fire-proof building

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on the southwest corner of the Smithsonian Reservation, similar in style to the present National Museum, and they requestan appropriation of $300,000 therefor, to be expended under the direction of the Regents of the Institution.” *

The Secretary remarked that the placing of the offices of the Geologi- eal Survey upon land heretofore reserved exclusively for Smithsonian purposes might be perhaps considered as committing the Institution toward the policy of a union with other scientific bureaus of the Gov- ernment. It wasin view of the questions of general policy thus involved, that it seemed proper that he should ask instruction from the Regents. He could only infer their opinion on the former bill from the language of the resolution, which apparently implied,

First. That increased provision was desirable for the Museum col- lections.

Second. From its silence as to the Geological Survey, that the building proposed in the bill was not to be appropriated to that use.

The Secretary had lately been informally advised that it was the desire of the Geological Survey to obtain his opinion with reference to this, in anticipation of a bill to be brought before the present Congress, and he desired to be favored with the jadgment of the Regents.

The Chancellor stated that it was desirable that new Museum build- ings should be erected in any case, but that since by act of Congress a certain part of the public grounds had been set apart and appropri- ated absolutely and exclusively to the Smithsonian Institution, he for one did not want to see anything else placed on these grounds. He further said: ‘If the Smithsonian Institution is to grow it will need them all, and whatever is put upon them should be under our exelu- sive control.”

After remarks by a number of Regents, expressing concurrence in the views of the Chancellor, it was suggested by Mr. Phelps that the unanimous opinion of the Board ought to be embodied in a resolution.

The Chancellor did not think this was necessary. He supposed all the Secretary wanted was the moral support of the Board in a policy which would forbid the placing of any building on the Smithsonian grounds except for the exclusive use of the Smithsonian Institution.

The Secretary alluded to another bill, which proposed to occupy part of the public grounds, including the Smithsonian reservation, with buildings for the Columbian celebration in 1892. ~ It was here remarked by a Regent that there was no danger of this being done immediately, to which the Chancellor said, ‘‘ With my consent, never.”

On motion of Dr. Angell, it was resolved that the income of the Insti- tution for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1888, and ending June 30, 1889, be appropriated for the service of the Institution, to be expended by the Secretary, with the advice of the Executive Committee, upon the

* Proceedings of the Board, January 17, 1883. Smithsonian Report for 1882, pp. Xil, Xiil.


basis of the operations described in the last annual report of said com- mittee, with full discretion on the part of the Secretary as to items of expenditures properly falling under each of the heads embraced in the established conduct of the Institution.

The Chancellor informed the Board that he had the melancholy duty to perform of announcing the death, yesterday, of Dr. PETER PARKER, who bad been for many years a Regent of the Institution and chairman of its Executive Committee.

On motion of Dr. Angell, it was resolved that the Executive Commit- tee prepare resolutions relative to the death of Dr. Parker.

Dr. Welling, of the Executive Committee, presented the following resolutions, which were adopted :

Whereas the Board has received the afflictive intelligence that the venerable Dr. PETER PARKER, who, for sixteen years, was a member of the Board of Regents, and who for this whole period served with fidelity on its Executive Committee, has departed this life after a long career filled with useful labors in the service of God and of man: Therefore, be it

Resolved, That in the retrospect of such a life-career, protracted as it was beyond the limits usually allotted to men, and yet at each stage of its progress dedicated to beneficent works in the cause of religion, philanthropy, and science, we desire to testify our respect for the exalted worth and serupulous conscientiousness which Dr. Parker brought to the discharge of every duty, and which, during his connection with the government of this Institution, were nobly exemplified by the zeal and diligence with which he ever watched and worked for its prosperity aud usefulness, even during the later period of his honorable service, when the burden of years was added to the burden of his official cares, and when with a less conscientious sense of public duty he might have claimed an exemption from the tasks of life.

Resolved, That since the retirement of our departed colleague from the membership of this Board we have continued to follow him with the grateful recollectious inspired by the association of this council cham- ber, as well as with a reverent respect for the Christian patience with which he bore the infirmities of advancing age and the unfaltering Christian hope with which he awaited “the inevitable hour” in fuil assurance of immortality.

Kesolwed, That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of the Board, and that the Secretary of the Institution is hereby requested to transmit a copy of them to the family of our late colleague.

On motion, the Board then adjourned sine die.


WASHINGTON, March 27, 1888.

A special meeting of the Board of Regents was held this day at 11 o’clock A. M.

Present, Hon. J. J. INGALLS (President of the United States Senate pro tem.); Hon. SAMUEL F. MILLER (acting Chief Justice of the United States); Hon. J.S. Morritt, Hon. 8S. M. CuLtom, Hon. S. S. Cox, Hon. JOSEPH WHEELER, Hon. WILLIAM W. PHELPS, Dr. JAMES C. WELLING, General M. C. MEIGS, and the Secretary, Prof. S. P. LAnG- LEY.

The Secretary called the Board to order.

On motion of Senator Morrill, Hon. J. J. Ingalls was elected Chair- man.

Excuses for non-attendance were read from Dr. PORTER, Dr. COPPEE, Dr. ANGELL, and Dr. WHITE.

The Secretary stated that this special meeting had been called at the request of three of the Regents as provided in the organic act. There were two subjects requiring consideration: First, the recent death of the Chancellor of the Institution, Chief Justice Waite; second, the elec- tion of a Chancellor.

Professor Langley remarked that it would be for others who had known the late Chancellor longer than he had to speak of his worth and public services. He could only say that Judge Waite was not only a tower of strength to the Institution; he was much more; he had the regard, the respect, and the reverence of all those who were brought into relation with him. He could only speak of him with the real affection he felt, and say that the loss the Institution had experienced was to him that of a dear and revered personal friend.

On the second point, the Secretary stated that the joint signatures of the Chancellor and Secretary were required on requisitions for money from the United States Treasury for carrying on the operations of the Institution, and that on the Ist of next July the semi-annual interest would be due, and some one who could act as Chancellor, within the provisions of the iaw, must sign the requisition in connection with the Secretary, at that time.

On motion of Dr. Welling, a committee was appointed to express the sense of the Board in relation to the death of the Chancetlor.

The Chair appointed Dr. Welling, Senator Morrill, and Professor Langley.

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The committee retired and on its return reported through the chair- man, Dr. Welling, the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:

Whereas the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution has been called to meet in extraordinary session by the afflicting intelli- gence that Morrison Remick WAITE, late Chief-Jastice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and late Chancellor of the Smith- sonian Institution, has been removed by the hand of death from the scene of his high activities and distinguished usefulness; therefore be it

Resolved, That sitting as we do at this time and place, in the very center of that dark shadow whicii has fallen upon the whole laud in the lamented death of the late Chief-Justice Waite, and appalled as we are by the suddenness as well as by the magnitude of the great afflic- tion which in coming to the nation at large has come to us individually, with an added pathos of sorrow because of the nearer view we have had, for so many years, of the talents, virtues, and graces which found their familiar home in the person of our honored friend, we could with inuch good reason crave for ourselves, in this hour of bereavement, the humble permission of mourning apart, that we might silently gauge the depth and the dimensions of a calamity which brings to us its message of personal grief and which has also torn away from our high- est seat of justice its venerated and beloved chief; from the legal pro- fession of the country its foremost official representative and therefore its crowning exponent; from the walks of social life in this national capital a commanding presence no less remarkable for his genial and open-hearted sincerity than for his affable and gracious benignity; and from the Christian communion a true and faithful disciple who wit- nessed a good confession as much by the simplicity and humility with which he walked before God as by the unswerving consistency with which he wore the ornament of a pure heart and of a meek and quiet spirit before the serutiny of his fellow-men.

Resolved, That while an obvious sense of propriety must dictate that we should leave to others in that great forum which was the chosen arena of his life’s career the sad privilege of depicting, with minute and detailed analysis, the remarkable combination of strong and lovely traits which met in the person of the late Chief-Justice and gave to the symmetrical character of our beloved friend its blended sweetness and light, we can not omit, even in this hour of our special sorrow, to bear our cheerful testimony to the pleasing amenity with which he presided over the deliberations of this council chamber as the Chancellor of the Smithsonian lustitution, and sharing, as we all do, in a profound ad- miration for tue intelligence he brought to our discussions, while ever moderating them by the guidance of his clear thought and mild wisdom, we can but render our reverent homage to the engaging personal qual- ities which endeared him to us as a man, while at the same time grate- fully confessing our obligations to him for the provident care and deep interest which he always brought to the discharge of his official duties in this place, where, through all the years of his honorable and useful service at the head of this Board, the Secretary of the Institution in common with ourselves has leaned on him as the wise and true coun- sellor who could be trusted as well for the rectitude of his moral intui- tions as for the clear perceptions of his calm and judicious intellect.

_ Resolved, That we will attend the funeral of our departed Chancellor in a body, and that the Secretary of the Institution, together with a deputation from the members of the Board, be requested to accompany

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the other friends and associates of the late Chief-Justice who will bear his remains to their last resting place in Ohio.

Resolved, That these resolutions be entered on the minutes of the Board, and that the Secretary be requested to send a copy of them to the family of our departed friend in token of our sincere condolence with them in their great affliction.

On motion of Senator Cullom it was resolved, that Acting Chief- Justice SAMUEL F. MILLER be elected Chancellor pro tem.

On taking the chair, Justice Miller remarked that in this hour of grief it was a consolation to be honored with the appointment which had just been conferred upon him, especially as it was not a necessity of law that he as Acting Chief-Justice should have been selected to fill this important position. While it would not be expected of him on tie present occasion to deliver a eulogy on the late Chancellor, it was only proper for him to say that, sitting beside Judge Waite as he had done for four hours a day for about